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New Americans in Vermont

Vermont ThumbThe Political and Economic Power of Immigrants, Latinos, and Asians in the Green Mountain State (Updated May 2014)

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Download the Fact Sheet (Updated May 2014)

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Immigrants, Latinos, and Asians account for growing shares of the economy and population in Vermont. Immigrants (the foreign-born) make up 3.9% of the state’s population, and well over half of them are naturalized U.S. citizens who are eligible to vote. “New Americans”—immigrants and the children of immigrants—account for 4.3% of registered voters in the state. Immigrants are not only important to the state’s economy as workers, but also account for millions of dollars in tax revenue and consumer purchasing power. Moreover, Latinos and Asians (both foreign-born and native-born) wield $575 million in consumer purchasing power, and the businesses they own had sales and receipts of more than $450 million and employed more than 2,400 people at last count. At a time when the economy is still recovering, Vermont can ill-afford to alienate such a significant component of its labor force, tax base, and business community.

Immigrants and their children are growing shares of Vermont’s population and electorate.

  • The foreign-born share of Vermont’s population rose from 3.1% in 1990 to 3.9% in 2011, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Vermont was home to 24,243 immigrants in 2011.
  • 61.2% of immigrants (or 14,836 people) in Vermont were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2011—meaning that they are eligible to vote.
  • 4.3% (or 14,846) of registered voters in Vermont were “New Americans”—naturalized citizens or the U.S.-born children of immigrants who were raised during the current era of immigration from Latin America and Asia which began in 1965—according to an analysis of 2008 Census Bureau data by Rob Paral & Associates.
  • Unauthorized immigrants comprised less than 0.5% of the state’s population (or fewer than 10,000 people) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.

Roughly 2.7% of Vermonters are Latino or Asian.

  • The Latino share of Vermont’s population grew from 0.7% in 1990, to 0.9% in 2000, to 1.5% (or 9,134 people) in 2011. The Asian share of the population grew from 0.6% in 1990, to 0.9% in 2000, to 1.2% (or 7,733 people) in 2011, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
  • In Vermont, 87.8% of children with immigrant parents were U.S. citizens in 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.

Latino and Asian entrepreneurs and consumers add millions of dollars and hundreds of jobs to Vermont’s economy.

  • The 2012 purchasing power of Latinos totaled $369 million—an increase of 702% since 1990. Asian buying power totaled $206 million—an increase of 489% since 1990, according to the Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia.
  • Vermont’s 649 Asian-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $265.5 million and employed 2,084 people in 2007, the last year for which data is available.  The state’s 470 Latino-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $184.9 million and employed 323 people in 2007, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Business Owners.

Immigrants are important to Vermont’s economy as workers and taxpayers.

  • Immigrants comprised 4.1% of the state’s workforce in 2011 (or 14,258 workers), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Unauthorized immigrants comprised less than 0.5% of the state’s workforce (or fewer than 10,000 workers) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.
  • More than half of the milk produced in the state comes from the roughly 2,000 Hispanic migrant farm workers living and working in Vermont, according to a survey by the Vermont Farm Bureau.
  • If all unauthorized immigrants were removed from Vermont, the state would lose $249.4 million in economic activity, $110.8 million in gross state product, and approximately 1,800 jobs, even accounting for adequate market adjustment time, according to a report by the Perryman Group.

Unauthorized immigrants pay taxes. 

  • Unauthorized immigrants in Vermont paid $2.8 million in state and local taxes in 2010, including $2.1 million in sales taxes, $268,000 in state income taxes, and $458,000 in property taxes, according to data from the Institute for Taxation and Economic Policy.

Immigrants are important to Vermont’s economy as students.

Immigrants excel educationally.

  • 38.8% of Vermont’s foreign-born population age 25 and older had a bachelor’s or higher degree in 2011, compared to 35.2% of native-born persons age 25 and older.
  • In Vermont, 95.8% of children with immigrant parents were considered “English proficient” as of 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.

 

Published On: Fri, Jan 11, 2013 | Download File