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New Americans in New Hampshire

New Hampshire ThumbThe Political and Economic Power of Immigrants, Latinos, and Asians in the Granite State (Updated May 2014)

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Immigrants, Latinos, and Asians account for growing shares of the economy and electorate in New Hampshire. Immigrants (the foreign-born) make up more than 1 in 20 Granite Staters, and more than half of them are naturalized U.S. citizens who are eligible to vote. “New Americans”—immigrants and the children of immigrants—account for 5.7% of registered voters in the state. Immigrants not only contribute to the state’s economy as workers, but also account for billions of dollars in tax revenue and consumer purchasing power. Moreover, Latinos and Asians (both foreign-born and native-born) wield $2.4 billion in consumer purchasing power, and the businesses they own had sales and receipts of more than $900 million and employed nearly 6,000 people at last count. At a time when the economy is still recovering, New Hampshire can ill-afford to alienate such an important component of its labor force, tax base, and business community.

Immigrants and their children are growing shares of New Hampshire’s population and electorate.

  • The foreign-born share of New Hampshire’s population rose from 3.7% in 1990, to 4.4% in 2000, to 5.6% in 2011, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. New Hampshire was home to 73,843 immigrants in 2011.
  • 51.8% of immigrants (or 38,286 people) in New Hampshire were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2011—meaning that they are eligible to vote.
  • Unauthorized immigrants comprised roughly 1.2% of the state’s population (or 15,000 people) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.
  • 5.7% (or 43,084) of registered voters in New Hampshire were “New Americans”—naturalized citizens or the U.S.-born children of immigrants who were raised during the current era of immigration from Latin America and Asia which began in 1965—according to an analysis of 2008 Census Bureau data by Rob Paral & Associates.

1 in 20 Granite Staters are Latino or Asian.

  • The Latino share of New Hampshire’s population grew from 1.0% in 1990, to 1.7% in 2000, to 2.9% (or 38,497 people) in 2011. The Asian share of the population grew from 0.8% in 1990, to 1.3% in 2000, to 2.2% (or 29,002 people) in 2011, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Latinos accounted for 1.1% (or 8,000) of New Hampshire voters in the 2008 elections, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
  • In New Hampshire, 92.4% of children with immigrant parents were U.S. citizens in 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.
  • In 2009, 89.2% of children in Asian families in New Hampshire were U.S. citizens, as were 96.1% of children in Latino families.

Latino and Asian entrepreneurs and consumers add billions of dollars and thousands of jobs to New Hampshire’s economy.

  • The 2012 purchasing power of Asians in New Hampshire totaled $1.4 billion—an increase of 828% since 1990. Latino buying power totaled $992 million—an increase of 584% since 1990, according to the Selig Center for Economic Growth at the University of Georgia.
  • New Hampshire’s 2,211 Asian-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $733.4 million and employed 5,083 people in 2007, the last year for which data is available. The state’s 1,441 Latino-owned businesses had sales and receipts of $189.4 million and employed 905 people in 2007, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Business Owners.

Immigrants are integral to New Hampshire’s economy as workers and taxpayers.

  • Immigrants comprised 6.5% of the state’s workforce in 2011 (or 47,691 workers), according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Unauthorized immigrants comprised roughly 1.6% of the state’s workforce (or 10,000 workers) in 2010, according to a report by the Pew Hispanic Center.
  • If all unauthorized immigrants were removed from New Hampshire, the state would lose $893.2 million in economic activity, $396.7 million in gross state product, and approximately 5,220 jobs, even accounting for adequate market adjustment time, according to a report by the Perryman Group.

Unauthorized immigrants pay taxes. 

  • Unauthorized immigrants in New Hampshire paid $5.5 million in state and local taxes in 2010, according to data from the Institute for Taxation and Economic Policy, which includes $1.4 million in property taxes and $4.1 million in sales taxes.
  • Were unauthorized immigrants in New Hampshire to have legal status, they would pay $5.8 million in state and local taxes, including $4.3 million in sales taxes and $1.4 million in property taxes.

Immigrants are integral to New Hampshire’s economy as students.

Naturalized citizens excel educationally.

  • In New Hampshire, 39.8% of foreign-born persons who were naturalized U.S. citizens in 2011 had a bachelor’s or higher degree.
  • The number of immigrants in New Hampshire with a college degree increased by 84.4% between 2000 and 2011, according to data from the Migration Policy Institute.
  • In New Hampshire, 91.3% of children with immigrant parents were considered “English proficient” as of 2009, according to data from the Urban Institute.
  • The English proficiency rate among Asian children in New Hampshire was 89.2%, while for Latino children it was 88.8%, as of 2009.

Published On: Fri, Jan 11, 2013 | Download File