Raids Response Materials for Individuals with Final Removal Orders

Raids Response Materials for Individuals with Final Removal Orders

July 11, 2019

In anticipation of widespread raids in July 2019, the American Immigration Council has prepared template materials to assist attorneys representing individuals with final removal orders issued by the Executive Office for Immigration Review.¹ Materials include templates of: (1) a general skeletal motion to reopen a removal order and motion to stay removal for filing with the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) or immigration court (for pro se and represented cases); (2) a skeletal motion to rescind and reopen an in absentia removal order for filing with immigration court (for pro se and represented cases); and (3) a late notice of appeal for filing the BIA and accompanying notice of an automatic stay to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).

These materials are not a substitute for independent legal advice supplied by an attorney familiar with a client’s case. It is not intended as, nor does it constitute, legal advice.

DO NOT TREAT THE THESE MATERIALS AS LEGAL ADVICE.

Template motions are skeletal in nature. They are intended for quick filing in order to either ask for or trigger a stay of removal. Attorneys should supplement template motions with additional arguments and documentation as soon as it becomes available. If the movant seeks equitable tolling of the motion deadline, counsel should supplement the motion within the relevant statutory time period from the date tolling ended. For example, an individual with an equitable tolling claim who learns of the availability of a motion to reopen on July 1 and subsequently files a skeletal motion must then supplement the motion no later than 90 days after July 1. 

1. General Emergency Motions to Reopen and Emergency Motions to Stay Removal

B. Materials for Individuals Represented by an Attorney

These template materials are for use by attorneys representing individuals seeking to reopen a final removal order. Filing a motion to reopen does not stay deportation. Counsel must file a separate motion to stay removal along with the motion to reopen. 

Template materials provided for cases needing general motions to reopen are:

B. Materials for Individuals Without an Attorney

These template materials are intended for use by attorneys providing pro se assistance as outlined by the NWIRP v. Sessions settlement agreement. They are for use in the cases of individuals seeking to file a general motion to reopen a final order.

Filing a general motion to reopen will not stay deportation. Individuals must file a separate motion to stay removal along with their motion to reopen. 

Template materials provided for pro se individuals needing general motions to reopen are:

2. Motions to Rescind and Reopen In Absentia Removal Orders

A. Materials for Individuals Represented by an Attorney

These template materials are for use in the cases of individuals who were ordered removed in absentia. Filing a motion to rescind and reopen an in absentia removal order automatically stays deportation until the immigration court rules on the motion.

Template materials provided for cases needing motions to rescind/reopen in absentia orders are:

B. Materials for Individuals Without an Attorney

These template materials are intended for use by attorneys providing pro se assistance as outlined by the NWIRP v. Sessions settlement agreement. These template materials are for use in the cases of individuals who were ordered removed in absentia.

Filing a motion to rescind and reopen an in absentia order automatically stays deportation until the immigration court rules on the motion.

Template materials provided for pro se individuals needing motions to rescind/reopen in absentia orders are:

3. Late-Filed Appeals of Removal Orders by Immigration Judges to the BIA

By regulation, a Notice of Appeal of a removal order issued by an immigration judge must be filed with the BIA within 30 days of the decision and ICE cannot execute a removal order while the appeal is pending with the BIA. Arguably, the 30-day deadline is subject to a doctrine called “equitable tolling” that allows for extending certain filing deadlines where a litigant pursues a case diligently but is prevented from timely filing by an extraordinary circumstance. These template materials can be used to argue that the regulation that automatically stays deportation pending a BIA appeal applies unless and until the BIA decides whether to accept the late-filed appeal.

Template materials provided for late-filed appeals of orders of removal are:

¹ Attorneys representing individuals with reinstatement orders under § 241(a)(5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1231(a)(5) can consult the practice advisory, entitled Reinstatement of Removal, issued by the American Immigration Council and National Immigration Project of the National Lawyers Guild.

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